In the US, thousands of people suffer from unexpected injuries and illnesses every day. This can complicate their financial situation if they are not able to work and earn during recovery, not to mention the bills that are incurred during the actual hospitalization.

This is why temporary disability insurance is a must for people who want financial security. It can give you peace of mind knowing that you are not left without an income if something happens to you.


Learn more about temporary disability insurance, who is entitled to it, and how to apply in this article.

Temporary Disability Insurance - Who Is Entitled and How to Apply
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Providing Immediate Care

Temporary disability insurance is insurance that provides income replacement to workers or employees who are not able to work because of a non-work-related injury or illness. 

Temporary Disability Insurance - Who Is Entitled and How to Apply
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This type of insurance is available in many states and is typically funded through employee contributions or sometimes through employee payroll deductions. 


Many of the benefits of such insurance usually help cover lost wages, medical expenses, and many other costs related to being disabled for a short period. 

Many employees often file their claim to replace their salary but the insurance policy may also provide additional coverage like medical expenses related to disability and even childcare.

Is Temporary Disability Insurance Different from State to State?

Temporary disability insurance is a state-administered insurance program so it may differ among states. Each state has its own laws and regulations governing the program which means that you will need to consult first before you can file a claim. 


For example, in California the insurance extends up to 52 weeks of benefits for disabilities that last more than 14 days. The benefits are paid at 55% of the employee's average weekly age. In comparison, New York state pays 50% of the average weekly wage. 

Some states often have different eligibility requirements or different timelines when it comes to receiving benefits. It is best that you consider these factors before applying or providing for this type of insurance coverage.

What Is the Difference Between Long Term and Temporary Disability Insurance?

Long term disability insurance or LTD is an insurance that offers income replacement for an extended period if an individual becomes unable to work due to disability. The period is usually six months or more. 

Temporary Disability Insurance - Who Is Entitled and How to Apply
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Most LTD policies cover income replacement that can last up to several years or until the individual reaches retirement age. 

Meanwhile, temporary disability insurance or TDI provides income replacement in a shorter period of time, lasting weeks to months. Most of the time, the maximum benefits are usually lower than those provided by LTD policies as well. 

Most TDI policies have waiting periods before the benefits begin which means that there may be delays between when the disability happens and when the benefits are received.

Why Temporary Disability Insurance Is Beneficial to Everyone

There are a lot of benefits to both the employer and employee when it comes to temporary disability insurance. For employers, TDI can provide financial protection against the costs associated with hiring and training new employees while an employee is on disability leave. 

It also helps reduce the risk of low or even lost productivity due to an employee's absence. Many employees will surely benefit from TDI as it provides their much-needed financial support at a time when they are not able to work due to their illness or injury. 

Many policies may even provide payments for medical expenses related to the disability as well as partial wage replacements for a certain period. Overall, having TDI helps both employees and employers in providing financial security.

How to Claim Your Temporary Disability Insurance

If you become disabled and cannot work, you may be entitled to TDI benefits but you also need to know how to claim them in the first place. To start, determine if you are eligible for the insurance. 

Temporary Disability Insurance - Who Is Entitled and How to Apply
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Generally, you must be employed in a job covered by your state's TDI program and must have recently become disabled due to an illness or injury. You also must have earned enough wages and have worked enough hours for the company in order for you to qualify for the benefit. 

It is best that you check with your employer or state insurance department to make sure you meet all the requirements. 

Then, gather the required documents, which include proof of disability such as doctor's notes or medical records, proof of employment, and earnings such as your pay slip. Lastly, prepare personal identification documents such as a driver's license or passport.

Submitting Your Application Form

When you have all the necessary documents, you can now apply for TDI benefits. It is best that you try to apply online as it is much faster than printing or mailing your application. Read all instructions first before you fill out your application. 

All sections of the application form must be filled out carefully and accurately so that it can be processed quickly by the government agency responsible for administering the benefits. 

Submit your application with all the supporting documentation attached and wait for the approval or denial notification. If approved, you will receive further notification along with payment instructions.

Are Mental Health Conditions Covered by TDI?

Mental health is a leading cause of disability in many employees all over the US. In some states, TDI covers all mental health conditions if they meet certain criteria. 

Temporary Disability Insurance - Who Is Entitled and How to Apply
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Many states define disability as an illness or injury that keeps an individual from working and requires medical attention and a mental health condition is included. 

In other states, TDI may not cover all types of mental health conditions or may have very strict eligibility criteria for it. 

It is best that you always check your state department that handles these arrangements to see if you are eligible for it.

Reasons You Should Consider Applying for TDI

There are several reasons why you should consider applying for TDI. It can help you maintain your financial security during an unexpected illness or disability. 

The insurance will also help protect against job loss due to disability as most employers are required to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with such conditions. It is also beneficial if you have dependents who rely on you for income to maintain their quality of life. 

Lastly, applying for a TDI can help you with medical expenses for your disability to help you avoid drowning in medical bills that you will surely pay for many years to come.


Having temporary disability insurance in the US is an important way to protect you from financial difficulties due to unexpected illness or injury. This insurance provides income for individuals, especially during a very difficult time for you and your family. By providing financial security, you can focus all of your energy on recovery and getting back to work as soon as possible.